This website is for informational use only and does not provide any medical advice.

image of leg massaging by the therapist


Generally, the leg is the entire lower limb of the human body, including the foot, thigh, and even the hip or gluteal region. The leg is composed of five distinct sections: upper leg, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot. Legs are used for standing and all forms of locomotion, including recreational such as dancing, and constitute a significant portion of a person’s mass.

Leg Bones and Joints

Common conditions of the bones and joints of the leg include:

  • Hip osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis of the hip
  • Paget’s disease of bone
  • Hip fracture
  • Blount’s Disease
  • Shin splints

Leg Bursa

Common conditions of the leg bursa include:

  • Achilles bursitis
  • Retrocalcaneal bursitis
  • Bursitis of the medial malleolus
  • Calcaneal bursitis
  • Metatarsal bursitis
  • Intermetatarsal bursitis
  • Metatarsophalangeal bursitis
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Ischial bursitis
  • Greater trochanteric pain syndrome
  • Iliopsoas bursitis

Leg Ligaments

Common conditions of the leg ligaments include:

  • Hip strains
  • Ruptured ligament of the hip
  • ACL tear
  • ACL insufficiency
  • PCL tear
  • Medial meniscus tear
  • Lateral meniscus tear
  • Meniscus tear
  • Meniscectomy
  • ACL reconstruction
  • PCL reconstruction
  • Ankle sprain (Grades 1, 2, and 3)
  • Lateral ankle sprain
  • Ankle instability
  • Ankle ligament tear
  • Lateral ankle instability
  • Anterior ankle instability foot sprain
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Ankle sprain
  • Flat feet (Pes Planus)

Leg Muscles

Common conditions of the leg muscles include:

  • Hip flexor strain
  • Patella tendinitis
  • Ruptured quadriceps tendon
  • Quadriceps strain
  • Hamstring strain
  • Torn hamstring
  • Muscle strain
  • Gastrocnemius tear and gastrocnemius strain
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Posterior tibial tendonitis
  • Peroneal tendonitis
  • Drop foot
  • Anterior tibialis tendinitis
  • Shin splints
  • Anterior compartment syndrome

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